R3 Investigates Smart Contract Templates For Blockchain Inspired Platforms

R3 is spearheading efforts to understand and address the challenges of developing master templates for smart contracts, the self-executing contractual agreements used to trade, record and manage assets on distributed and shared ledger platforms. The firm is also exploring how these features could be implemented within existing legal and regulatory frameworks.

Following the R3 Smart Contract Templates Summit in London and New York in late June, R3 has agreed to collaborate with a diverse working group of its consortium members, standards bodies, law firms, academic institutions, exchanges and market infrastructure providers, including Barclays, the International Swaps and Derivatives Association (ISDA), Norton Rose Fulbright and University College London (UCL). The group will begin exploring the development of repositories of smart contract templates for banks to download and use on blockchain-inspired platforms, such as R3’s Corda.

At the summit the group discussed potential roadmaps for development, with a short-term focus on understanding the challenges of connecting existing real-world legal contracts for products such as interest rate swaps, to smart contracts – enabling the simplification of legal documentation and mutualisation of costs for banks.

The R3 Smart Contract Templates Summit’s presentation is now publicly available here:

Currently each bank stores its own instance of contracts, which can introduce inconsistencies and reconciliation challenges. Smart contracts operating on distributed and shared ledgers enable each of the parties to see the same agreed set of legal documents.

The group’s longer term goals include working with the legal community and academics to investigate how to take smart contracts to a point where they can be admissible in court and used for entry into dispute resolution. An update will be given at the second R3 Smart Contract Templates Summit later this year.

Pragma launches TradeBase to enhance order routing transparency

Multi-asset algorithmic trading provider, Pragma Securities, has launched TradeBase, a relational database that provides clients real-time access to their parent and child FIX order messages for greater transparency to facilitate client risk management, compliance, and monitoring of their algorithmic orders.

TradeBase is populated in real-time, and enables Pragma360 clients to feed their trading, risk management and compliance systems child order level trade data in a manner usually available only to firms who build their own algorithmic trading platform. The database provides a granular level of data including entries of all new child orders, amendments and cancellations, as well as child order fills.

David Mechner, CEO of Pragma Securities, summarises the need for technology providers to deliver clients with tools designed to increase trading transparency throughout the trading lifecycle. “Transparency is at the heart of our value proposition, and TradeBase is the next step in delivering on that value. It provides our clients convenient, real-time access to their trading data so they can incorporate it into their own processes and tools with minimal friction, and can conveniently track their order in detail from their OMS to the street.”

The launch of TradeBase follows the publication of a recent white paper by Pragma Securities exploring a buy-side blind spot in best execution due diligence. The paper, published in Tabb Forum analyses the order routing practices of high-touch trading desks and calls for brokers to demonstrate greater levels of transparency to clients.

 

 

 

 

Foreign Exchange Trading Volumes Surge Following Brexit Vote

The release of settlement data from CLS, the post-trade settlement service for the global foreign exchange (FX) market, marked a significant increase in trading activity in June. As markets reacted to considerable volatility in GBP and other major currencies following the Brexit vote, trading volumes spiked as banks and funds looked to reposition portfolios and offset risk.

As a result, daily average value submitted to the CLS settlement system hit USD 5.19 trillion, up 12.6% from the previous month and the highest since March 2015. Average daily volumes were also up, increasing by 20% compared to May 2016.

This was a trend observed across the FX market, with foreign exchange trading venue EBS reporting comparatively higher FX trading volumes for June at USD 97.4 billion, a rise of 28.7% from May 2016. ReutersFXAll also matched this trend, recording Spot FX volumes of USD 116 billion, up from USD 94 billion in May.

R3 Develop Solution To Prevent Blockchain Front Running

According to R3, the blockchain model as it stands will not be suitable for financial services, as it would allow everyone to see exactly what was being traded, when it was being traded and who by – potentially allowing competitors the opportunity to front-run each other.

CEO, David Rutter and Managing Director, Charley Cooper, explain how R3 is trying to strike the balance between the original purpose of the blockchain – to have a public record of transactions that must be verified by the majority of involved parties – and maintaining an appropriate level of transparency and anonymity as required by banks, financial institutions and regulatory authorities.

To read the full article in Fortune, please click here.

UK Bank Strains Intensify As Key Sterling Spread Hits Four-Year High

Stress in the UK banking system has intensified since Britain’s vote to leave the European Union, with the premium banks charge to lend each other short-term sterling funds doubling to its highest level in four years.

The Libor-OIS spread is a gauge of banks’ willingness to lend to each other and is perhaps the most fundamental barometer of the banking system’s health. Its widening comes amid a sudden darkening of the outlook for Britain’s economy. Christopher Vecchio, Currency Strategist at DailyFX, highlights how the widening of spreads could spell warnings of broader financial stress in Reuters.

“We’re not right at the edge yet but recession odds are creeping up and the flattening yield curve speaks to that. It’s still early in the game, but a flattening yield curve for banks is bad as it erodes their net interest margins. An environment of falling long-term yields is going to put a lot of pressure on financials,”

To read the full article, please click here

Markets Rally Following Shock of Brexit Result

The UK’s equity markets mounted a recovery of sorts this week, following a period of significant volatility and market uncertainty. While sterling remains weak against the US dollar, the FTSE 100 has recovered from a low of 5,980 on Monday to open at 6,504 on Friday morning.

However, although many had priced in the risk of a potential Brexit, the extraordinary swings in GBP reflected currency traders’ worst fears.

In a poll conducted by Chatsworth earlier this year, 80% of currency market professionals expected the UK to vote to remain in the EU. But when the first indications emerged that the UK would be leaving, we saw a negative contagion effect spread swiftly through the market as investors struggled to come to terms with the outcome.

There is no doubt that London’s leading position as a USD 2.2 trillion hub for FX trading is now under threat. Two-thirds (65%) of respondents told Chatsworth that they feared that a Brexit would negatively affect London’s position as the world’s largest FX trading centre. Many will now stand by with bated breath as politicians begin the onerous process from untangling itself from a 40 year trading relationship, and wondering what the future holds.

As a global financial capital where the vast majority of currency trading is transacted, London will be bracing itself as the rest of the EU takes stock of the result. Traders, investors and money managers can now expect a prolonged period of uncertainty – the number one bugbear for financial markets – as the UK takes a step into the unknown.

FXCM Reveals Sentiment Data From Brexit Vote

FXCM’s Sentiment Index has tracked the trading activity of 180,000 retail FX traders and shows how traders positioned themselves in GBP/JPY, EUR/USD and GBP/USD currency pairs in the run-up to the UK referendum.

In the past few weeks, traders became more inclined to buy the pound against the yen and the dollar. Around the week of the 6th June the index showed a big jump across all three currency pairs and there’s been significant volatility in each pair.

FXCM anticipates a lot more volatility as voting gets underway and is raising margin requirements again, so the data from the Sentiment Index provides a good insight into how traders could potentially position themselves.

Back in April, Chatsworth’s research team polled over 12,000 members of the ACI Financial Markets Association, the largest global trade body representing the international currency markets, for their personal views ahead of the UK Referendum vote on 23 June.

Two-thirds (65%) of respondents believed a UK vote to leave the EU would negatively affect London’s position as the world’s largest FX trading centre, while 13% believed a Brexit would have a positive impact.

 

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Currency Market Volatility Prepares For Significant Volatility

Dan Marcus, CEO of ParFX, an institutional foreign exchange trading platform, comments on how uncertainty around the result of the UK referendum is leading to investor trepidation and increased market volatility:

The outcome of the EU Referendum vote on June 23 is the largest risk event for international currency markets so far this year. With the polls too close to call, no clear direction as to the outcome and currency market reacting in a volatile fashion to any indicators, increasing uncertainty is leading to a reduction in liquidity. All this has triggered a flight to safety and investor trepidation about how the outcome of the vote might affect trading positions and portfolios.

This period will also act as a test for brokers, trading platforms and infrastructure operators. Following last year’s surprise decision by the Swiss National Bank to remove its currency peg against the Euro, some market participants recognised they were unprepared for the unexpected move in EUR/CHF that followed. However, the lessons have been learned and technology and risk protocols have been upgraded and adapted. Market participants are now better prepared for an explosion of volatility and are likely to err on the side of caution in the face of significantly higher trading activity following the EU Referendum vote.

What continues to largely remain unaddressed from last year is the ability for traders to execute trades effectively during times of extreme volatility, and limiting instances of disruptive trading behaviour. This will be crucial if some participants seek to gain a latency advantage for nefarious purposes while others seek exit or adjust their positions, realise hedges or seek to identify profitable strategies.

This is where ParFX has a unique advantage. Our platform was developed in conjunction with some of the largest market participants, and the stability and firmness of prices that participants see on ParFX and the ability to execute on these prices is one of the platform’s primary principles. We have protocols and mechanisms in place to enable this to happen, such as randomised order entry, full trading transparency and the distribution of market data in parallel. This ensures participants in our trading environment operate on an equal playing field, while instances of latency-led disruptive behavior occurring is reduced significantly.

Sterling’s Biggest Jump In Six Years

What a manic Monday. We’re looking at the Pound’s biggest single-day jump in nearly six years.

Sterling rallied following as opinion polls suggesting a swing in favour of voters opting to remain in the European Union at this week’s referendum.The pound climbed 1.4pc to USD 1.4560 after rising as high as USD 1.4625 earlier, sending the perceived safe-haven yen down.

The implied probability of a Remain vote in Thursday’s referendum rose to 72 percent after falling as low as 60 percent last Thursday, according to odds from gambling website Betfair. The 23 June referendum is still wide open, however, but the leave no longer seems the overwhelmingly likely scenario.

To read further insight from the DailyFX team on the market impact of a potential Brexit and other currencies movements, visit the website.

A Buy-Side Blind Spot Is Vanishing: High-Touch Desks See Best-Ex Scrutiny

The buy side is closing a major gap in its best-execution due diligence: The order routing practices of high-touch trading desks are falling under intense scrutiny previously reserved for self-directed trading tools. This increased attention presents a major challenge for brokers that use a variety of low-cost algorithms from multiple providers, since they have limited knowledge of how those algorithms route orders, let alone control over their behaviour

David Mechner, CEO of Pragma Securities, a multi-asset algorithmic trading provider, analyses growing demand among buy-side institutions for greater transparency around order routing practices and best execution.

Read the article

Big Data – Going Beyond The Hype

It can be difficult at times to separate the hype that surrounds big data from the reality. Nevertheless, big data will continue to transform how companies operate. Whereas in the past data was often the by-product of an operational process, it is now the primary asset that drives business decisions. What specifically will it mean for investment banks?

Diane Castelino PH.D, Data Science and Research Lead At Mosaic Smart Data takes a look at how this technology can be applied to the financial services industry in the second of her series on the practical application of new and emerging technologies.

Read the article

Will a Brexit damage the City?

With less than two weeks to go, the debate on whether the UK should remain or leave the European Union is heating up.

Back in April, Chatsworth’s research team polled over 12,000 members of the ACI Financial Markets Association, the largest global trade body representing the international currency markets, for their personal views ahead of the UK Referendum vote on 23 June.

Two-thirds (65%) of respondents believed a UK vote to leave the EU would negatively affect London’s position as the world’s largest FX trading centre, while 13% believed a Brexit would have a positive impact.

Now with the Financial Times Brexit poll tracker indicating a slim lead for the leave camp, it’s hard to tell which way the referendum will go. However, a growing number of bankers are warning of the possible damage a Brexit could cause to the City of London and the financial services sector. According to an article published on the Financial Times website, the City employs 2.2 million people across the UK. If the UK were to leave the EU, then it would no longer be possible for non-EU firms to headquarter European operations in London and continue to trade across the union without barriers. A Leave vote would likely see offices opened in Paris or Frankfurt whilst non-EU firm UK offices would be downsized, potentially putting jobs at risk.

Fintech Innovation In The Capital

A Q&A with Matthew Hodgson, CEO of Mosaic Smart Data

Why is FinTech innovation in London gaining traction compared to other areas of the world?

London is almost perfectly positioned at the intersection of finance and technology. In the last 24 months, the Capital has acted as a hotbed for venture capital investment for a variety of FinTech firms pioneering new technologies designed to disrupt traditional business models, but also to enhance existing ones through collaborative partnerships with established financial services providers.

 Which areas of financial services have been most impacted by FinTech development? 

Within the fintech sector, the field of data analytics has quickly become the new opportunity in financial markets. The ability for financial institutions to move beyond the realm of ‘big data’ by applying real-time analytics on multiple sources of electronic trade data is already providing the most technologically astute banks, hedge funds and asset managers with significant competitive advantage.

However it is the ability to harness predictive analytics that remains at the cutting edge. Much of this capability already exists and is being used to considerable effect, especially by technology giants such as Google and Facebook.

The technology will allow financial institutions such as banks to gain deeper insight into client trading behaviour, ensure higher levels of client retention and shape product and services offering to maximise future revenue opportunities. Gartner, a Harvard research institute has predicted that by 2017, firms with predictive analytics in place will be 20% more profitable than those without.

For some traditional companies is it purely a case of ‘adoption’ rather than ‘disruption’ behind rise of the fintech sector?

The financial technology market has exploded in recent years. Innovation is driving major improvements in the level of service experienced by the end user, however when it comes to financial services, businesses are naturally more wary of the type of ’disruptive’ technology that has transformed other areas of our day-to-day lives such as calling a cab or booking holiday accommodation – after all, we can always call another cab if our Uber doesn’t turn up, but if a billion dollar payment doesn’t reach its intended recipient we have a much more complicated issue on our hands.

The institutional financial services space is much more about collaboration between fintech firms and established players – it is this combined firepower that delivers truly sustainable technological innovation.

Should investment banks or lenders move to disrupt their own business model to avoid losing market share?

Many traditional service providers such as global investment banks are coming to the realization that they need to partner with emerging innovators. 

As such, finance and technology has become synonymous, and data analytics, in particular, is moving to the forefront of efforts to provide new solutions to on-going market challenges.

However, for large players such as global investment banks, the integration of new and specialist fintech solutions should be implemented on a modular basis to work in collaboration with existing systems. In many cases, the reality of effective integration is one of evolution, rather than revolution.

The Currency Ethicist: One Man’s Push to Fix a Tarnished Market

Last week, the Bank for International Settlements launched a code of conduct for market professionals operating in the world’s largest and most liquid financial market – foreign exchange – and in doing so, laid out its vision of how banks, asset managers, hedge funds, corporates and infrastructure providers should behave and operate when exchanging an estimated USD5.3 trillion a day.

At the heart of this initiative was David Puth, Chairman of the BIS Market Participants Group. A former JPMorgan Chase & Co. and State Street Corp. executive, David led the initiative alongside his role as chief executive officer of New York-based CLS Group, a utility that settles trillions of dollars of currency transactions a day and is considered by the U.S. Treasury to be a systemically important piece of the financial system.

He spoke to to Bloomberg about the importance of developing industry-led guidance around trading behaviour and best practice requirement, and how the code of conduct aims to provide a common set of guidelines to promote the integrity and effective functioning of the market.

Read the article, or watch the Bloomberg interview

Euromoney FX Rankings 2016: Shuffling The Deck

The constitution of the FX market is changing – it is no longer the exclusive preserve of banks, with a non-bank prop fund breaking into the top 10 for the first time, despite solid continuing performances from City, JP Morgan and UBS.

The release of Euromoney’s annual FX rankings for 2016 showed some significant changes in the performance of global banks at the top flight of the table, but also the rise of non-bank challengers such as XTX Markets, which secured 9th position ahead of Morgan Stanley, with a 3.87% market share on debut.

Relative to competition from other major banks, Citi strengthened its position with a 4% lead at the top of the table, despite an overall year-on-year decline in comparison to its 2015 figures. This decline in volume was mirrored across the top 5 global banks, as FX trading divisions struggle to tackle growing compliance and cost challenges. Over a 7-year period, combined market share among this group has fallen almost 17% from a high of 61.5% in 2009.

Deutsche Bank continues to undergo restructuring and cost cutting and suffered heavy falls across FX Spot and FX Forward markets, while retaining its crown in the FX Options market. Overall, the bank fell from second to fourth, losing almost half if its 2015 market share.

As many banks continue to face balance sheet pressures and the constraints of capital requirement rules, non-bank liquidity providers have in many cases flourished. Beside major gains by XTX Markets, Tower Research Capital, Jump Trading, Virtu Financial, Lucid Markets and Citadel Securities all secured a top 50 ranking.

According to Euromoney, total volumes taken into account for the 2016 rankings amounted to almost USD 95 trillion. Foreign exchange settlement volume from Chatsworth Client, CLS, hit USD 4.96 trillion in April, up 5.7% from the previous month, and up 6.9% from the USD 4.64 trillion in April 2015.

FX-MM Review: FX as an asset class

FX-MM explores the changing nature of trading volumes, strategies and technology in foreign exchange (FX), as investors face dwindling returns in other asset classes.

As part of the article, Roger Rutherford, Chief Operating Officer at ParFX, analyses the growth of electronic trading in spot FX, whilst sharing his thoughts on future market and technology trends.

He also highlights the corrosive impact of disruptive high frequency trading on the ability for market participants to execute efficiently, before emphasising the need for a truly level playing field in foreign exchange.

David Mechner, CEO of Pragma Securities, also provided insight into the role and value of algorithmic trading in currency markets.

Read the full article.

Daily traded currency values from banks and funds around the globe hit USD 4.96 trillion in April

A surprise from the global currency markets which have been in something of a state of flux of late.

Daily average value submitted to the CLS global settlement system hit USD 4.96 trillion in April, up 5.7% from the previous month, and up 6.9% from the USD 4.64 trillion in April 2015.

Volumes have been below USD 5 trillion a day for most of 2016 so far but the new CLS figures show that April was the busiest month this year.

And this April matters a great deal because the month’s trading activity feeds into Bank of International Settlement’s triennial survey of the foreign exchange market released in September.

The survey is the most holistic picture of global FX market activity, showing detailed activity broken down by trading centres, counterparty types and currency pairs.

The global currency markets remains in a state of flux. Diverging monetary policy, changes in liquidity provision, venue usage and the profile and diversity of trading counterparties are all factors changing the shape of the market.

Take trading venues. Despite the uptick in month on month CLS settlement activity in April, trading volumes actually fell on some of the major trading platforms.

EBS reported USD 82.3 billion last month, which was actually a drop of 15% on the USD 96.9 billion last year recorded in April 2015. It was a similar picture over at Thomson Reuters.

Greenwich Associates FX Report: A bite size digest

Greenwich Associates has published an interesting report covering the changing nature of liquidity provision in the global foreign exchange (FX) market, as well as the impact of macroeconomic and regulatory factors in driving a market structure evolution.

The paper, entitled Diversifying Liquidity: Attaining Best Execution in FX Trading, highlighted the continuing growth of non-bank liquidity providers, with the largest FX dealers executing less than half of global buy-side FX volume.

However, despite the growth of competition from non-bank liquidity providers and the challenges posed by incoming regulatory requirements, interviews with over 1,600 top-tier foreign exchange users globally found that the world’s largest dealers are expected to continue to play a major role in facilitating FX trading.

The report also noted growing demand for a more granular understanding of best execution by utilising sophisticated transaction cost analysis (TCA) tools to analyse existing trading relationships and engage with new counterparties.

The rise of electronic execution and the subsequent decline of voice brokerage was also striking, with a 32% jump in buy-side trading handled by multi-dealer trading platforms and a 50% reduction in phone-traded volume since 2008. These changes contributed to an overall growth in electronic trading, which now accounts for 73% of all FX volume executed annually.

In line with the growth of electronic trading, a jump in the adoption of FX algorithmic trading amongst the hedge-fund community was particularly notable. From 2014-15, automated execution amongst this group of traders almost doubled from 33% to 61%; in contrast, the growth in adoption rates for fund managers and pension funds showed a mere 5% rise over the same period.

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Lananh Nguyen at Bloomberg covered the growing popularity of algorithmic trading amongst hedge funds here

Europe is betting big on quantum computing

A one billion euro project, announced by the European Commission aims to develop quantum technologies over the next 10 years to place Europe at the forefront of this emerging technology. Quantum computers have been hailed for their revolutionary potential in everything from space exploration to cancer treatment and financial markets.

Unlike conventional computers, quantum computers process data in parallel, mimicking, if you like, the human brain. A quantum computer can recreate the behaviour of atoms, model chemical reactions and simulate nature itself, making it capable of large-scale simultaneous computation.

Newsweek magazine spoke with Chatsworth client, Cambridge Quantum Computing (CQCL) about the European Commission’s commitment to the technology, as well the work it is doing to develop a quantum operating system called t|ket>.

Read the full article

Pragma launches SmartFix algorithm to improve FX trading performance against WM/R 4pm

Pragma Securities, a leading provider of high performance algorithmic trading tools, has launched a sophisticated algorithm designed to improve average execution performance against the daily 4pm WM/Reuters foreign exchange benchmark fixing.

Following recommendations from regulators in the wake of the FX rate-rigging scandal, in February 2015 the methodology underpinning the WM/R benchmark was changed, widening the calculation window from one minute for the most liquid currencies to five minutes.

In addition, banks have largely shifted their execution of customer fix orders from the spot desk to their electronic desks, where time-weighted average price (TWAP) execution algorithms are often used.

Pragma’s research highlights that together, these changes have created predictable patterns that can be leveraged to improve trading performance using only publicly available data. The full research findings are available via the Pragma Securities website.

Pragma’s new SmartFIX algorithm is built on the firm’s own research, which has identified predictable patterns of trading behaviour around the key FX benchmark.

The algorithm observes only publicly available information, and adjusts its trading rate in a systematic way based on those observations to achieve better execution on average for traders benchmarked to the Fix. In addition, these dynamic adjustments are layered on top of a proprietary trading schedule that achieves lower tracking error against the benchmark than a simple TWAP

David Mechner, CEO at Pragma Securities comments: “For traders that are constrained to match the fixing rate, our algorithm can reduce risk relative to a simple TWAP, and can also improve execution quality for a modest increase in risk. This makes it a good tool for banks servicing customer fix orders whether in a principal or agency manner.”

The new algorithm complements Pragma’s existing foreign exchange platform offering, Pragma360, which includes a suite of execution algorithms, transaction cost analysis (TCA), risk controls, and a next-generation algorithm monitoring system called Panorama. Pragma360 is provided as a broker-neutral trading solution to banks and asset managers.

R3 Announces Corda™, a Blockchain-Inspired Platform for Financial Services

Chatsworth client R3 has announced that it is building a platform, Corda, for its members to test use-cases and evaluate blockchain-inspired technologies. Richard Gendal Brown, Chief Technology Officer at R3 explains more below:

“As reported in Bloomberg this morning, I’m delighted to confirm that R3 and our member banks are working on a distributed ledger platform for financial services: Corda™.

“For the last six months, my team and contributors from our membership have been building a distributed ledger platform prototype from the ground up, specifically designed to manage financial agreements between regulated financial institutions. I am massively excited by the progress our team, led by James Carlyle, our Chief Engineer, and Mike Hearn, our Lead Platform Engineer, are making and I think the time is right to share some details.”

Read Richard’s full blog post here.

Microsoft and R3 partner to accelerate adoption of blockchain-inspired technologies

Tech giant Microsoft and Chatsworth client R3 today announced a strategic partnership that will accelerate the use of blockchain-inspired distributed and shared ledger technologies among R3 member banks and global financial markets, as reported by the Wall Street Journal and Bloomberg.

These technologies enable enterprises and business network participants to complete financial transactions with greater speed, security, cost-efficiency and transparency relative to solutions currently used.

As part of the partnership, R3 will use Microsoft Azure as a preferred cloud services provider in its R3 Lab and Research Centre, where distributed and shared ledger technologies are being developed and tested and use-cases carried out based on an extremely rigorous, empirical-evidence based process.

The Lab and Research Centre has quickly become the centre of gravity for use-case testing and evaluation of blockchain-inspired technologies, bringing together banks, non-banks, both established and start-up financial technology companies, trade associations and regulators.

R3 and consortium members will have access to Microsoft’s expanding ecosystem of Blockchain-as-a-Service (BaaS) partners including Ethereum and ConsenSys, Ripple, Eris Industries, Coinprism, Factom, BitPay, Manifold Technology, AlphaPoint, IOTA, BlockApps STRATO, Tendermint LibraTax, and many others that will aid in the development, testing and deployment of distributed ledger applications in cloud, hybrid and local environments.

Settlement risks involving public blockchains – R3

Entrepreneurs, investors and enthusiasts claim that public blockchains are an acceptable settlement mechanism and layer for financial instruments. But Chatsworth client R3 argues that public blockchains by design cannot definitively guarantee settlement finality, and as a result, they are currently not a reliable option for the clearing and settling of financial instruments.

Read the full article by R3’s Tim Swanson on TabbFORUM

Global FX bounces back to over USD 5 trillion in February

February was a tumultuous time for financial markets, with high volatility influenced by the threat of a potential Brexit and ongoing turmoil in the Chinese economy. 

CLS, the global FX settlement utility has released its settlement data for February showing average daily input value was USD 5 trillion up 3.3% from USD 4.84 trillion in January 2016.

Some FX platforms reported a month-on-month decline in daily spot trading volumes. 

Average daily volumes at EBS were USD 102.6 billion in February 2016, down 1% from the January 2016 reading of USD 103.8 billion.

Read the full report in Reuters

FinTech comes of age

The great and good of global finance and technology descended on the City of London Business School this week for a thought leadership discussion on the growing influence of new technology on the financial ecosystem. The discussion and content was excellent.

The FT’s chief economics commentator, Martin Wolf, chairing one of the panels provides an insightful summary of proceedings in his comment piece here

Chatsworth client,  R3 took a lead role in the panel debate, with observations on blockchain and its likely application to finance. The R3 team is leading the field in developing blockchain technology with its consortium of over 40 banks took a lead role in the panel debate.

We have worked in this field for over a decade, through the advent of electronic broking systems on traders’ desktops, evolving into more automation through API-based trading, first in equity markets and then into other asset classes such as FX.

This is now entering a whole new game, where incumbent systems and institutions are being challenged, and as a result need to adjust their models, technology and value proposition accordingly.

Our instinct is that the technology is the delivery mechanism but not the answer in itself.

Established systems, venues and institutions have the legal frameworks, proven capabilities, customer usage/coverage and liquidity in place – this is where their real value lies.

New technology is more likely to complement and integrate rather than entirely reorder the plumbing of global financial markets from top to bottom. That is why the meeting of the minds have to take place between financial markets practitioners and technologists.

Finance is a market of natural interest which rewards innovation  – it  will naturally size up and absorb the best emergent tech.

R3 trials blockchain fixed income trading with 40 banks

Chatsworth client R3 CEV has successfully trialed five distinct blockchain technologies in parallel in the first test of its kind, as reported this morning by Wall Street Journal, Forbes and Reuters.

The trial represented the trading of fixed income assets between 40 of the world’s largest banks across the blockchains, using multiple cloud technology providers within R3’s Global Collaborative Lab.

This marked an unprecedented scale of institutional collaboration between the financial and technology communities exploring how distributed ledgers can be applied to global financial markets.

The banks connected to R3-managed private distributed ledger technologies built by Chain, Eris Industries, Ethereum, IBM and Intel. They evaluated the strengths and weaknesses of each technology by running smart contracts that were programmed to faciliate issuance, secondary trading and redemption of commercial paper, a short-term fixed income security typically issued by corporations to raise funding.

Each of the distributed ledgers ran a smart contract based on identical business logic to enable the banks to accurately compare the difference in performance between them. Cloud computing resources were provided by Microsoft Azure, IBM Cloud and Amazon AWS to host the distributed ledgers.

The R3 member banks involved in this trial included Banco Santander, Bank of America, Barclays, BBVA, BMO Financial Group, BNP Paribas, BNY Mellon, CIBC, Commonwealth Bank of Australia, Citi, Commerzbank, Credit Suisse, Danske Bank, Deutsche Bank, J.P. Morgan, Goldman Sachs, HSBC, ING Bank, Intesa Sanpaolo, Macquarie Bank, Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group, Mizuho Financial Group, Morgan Stanley, National Australia Bank, Natixis, Nordea, Northern Trust, OP Financial Group, Scotiabank, State Street, Royal Bank of Canada, Royal Bank of Scotland, SEB, Societe Generale, Toronto-Dominion Bank, UBS, UniCredit, U.S. Bank, Wells Fargo and Westpac Banking Corporation.

Further exciting developments are set for the months ahead, as R3 continues to work with the banks in its Global Collaborative Lab to test and develop applications based on distributed ledger technology for the financial services industry. The Lab has quickly become a center of gravity for collaborative applied blockchain efforts in the financial services and distributed ledger technology industries.

Survival of the biggest: A new era of mega-exchanges on the horizon?

The prospect of a merger between exchange powerhouses, the London Stock Exchange Group (LSEG) and Deutsche Börse could usher in an era of mega-exchanges, where a handful of providers dominate equity, derivative, fixed income, indices and clearing markets in specific geographies – making them a one stop shop for the entire trade cycle.

Yet the road to that reality is certainly a long one. The unravelling of negotiations between these two trading behemoths to secure a deal in 2000 and again in 2005, demonstrates all to clearly the challenge that lies ahead.

Moreover, possible legal hurdles put in place by anti-trust authorities, combined with political and economic uncertainty surrounding a British exit from the European Union, could yet prove terminal.

The rationale behind this potential corporate marriage is clear. In a statement issued by the LSEG announcing the talks, the Group pointed to “the prospect of enhanced growth, significant customer benefits including cross-margining between listed and OTC derivatives clearing.” The move, which would allow both firms to pool capital, resources and expertise to grow market share and cut operational costs is also consistent with the LSE’s long-term strategy under the leadership of CEO, Xavier Rolet.

Rolet’s commitment to strengthen the Group by completing a string of acquisitions to diversify its offering in the derivatives, indices and clearing market has paid dividends. The purchase of indices providers Russell Group and FTSE in quick succession, as well as a majority stake in LCH Clearnet, one of the largest interdealer clearing houses, has affirmed the group’s position in Europe as a leading provider of trade execution, clearing and data related services.

This strategy has led to a dramatic rise in market capitalisation by as much as fivefold and also transformed the group from being preyed upon by rival firms, to a predator seeking to grow market share, according to a recent article on the proposed deal in the Financial Times.

However, US exchanges are increasingly seeking to secure a global, rather than continental footprint with a move into European Markets. BATS Global Markets, a US operator, now runs the biggest stock exchange in Europe by market share – whilst CME, the Chicago-based group, launched in European markets in 2012 with a multi-asset derivatives offering spanning trading and clearing services – posing a direct challenge to incumbent operators.

Against this backdrop, it is clear to see why these two institutions are seeking to pool capital, technology and people to compete directly with global exchanges, particularly from the US. It is well known that this drive towards exchange consolidation is likely to result in a small number of major operators, reducing market fragmentation, something noted by Rolet in 2011.

“In five years there’ll be three, four international exchange groups with global distribution capabilities,” he said in an article in the Telegraph.

But what about end-users?

Whilst the rationale behind a potential merger has commercial objectives, it is also likely to deliver cost synergies, particularly for core customers such as large investment banks and asset managers.

For example, the introduction of new regulation designed to implement greater risk controls on global derivatives markets has placed steeper margin requirements on banks – creating a glut of capital warehoused in major clearing providers such as LCH Clearnet and Eurex Clearing. Whilst the LSEG statement specifically noted that both firms would remain as separate entities, a merger could allow banks with portfolios in each CCP to reduce net margins and free up capital that can be used more profitably elsewhere.

Whilst a deal will deliver greater operational efficiencies to LSEG, Deutsche Börse and their respective customers, it is likely to trigger further consolidation as smaller exchanges rush to pool resources and as a result, introduce a new era dominated by a handful of major global players.

The best and brightest celebrated at Bloomberg Innovators 2016

Chatsworth was delighted to share an evening with a remarkable and talented group of people brought together at Bloomberg Innovators 2016 yesterday evening.

The shared DNA of each business seemed to be the energy levels, levels of staff engagement and love for what they do. Not to mention an intense focus on the product, customer service and the desire to shake up the incumbent competition or best it.

We were there with the team from Cambridge Quantum Computing to celebrate their I recognition as one of the top 50 innovators of 2016.

Full marks to the SevenHills team and Bloomberg’s Nate Lanxon for pulling the evening together and helming a great event.

Global banks form distributed ledger partnership

Blockchain technology could transform financial markets…if the industry works together

The news, reported in the  Financial Times, that nine major banks have formed a partnership to invest in and explore the potential for digital ledgers in wholesale financial market is game-changing stuff.

Chatsworth client, R3, has brought together some of the sharpest minds from across electronic financial markets, digital currencies and cryptology with the backing of banks including JPMorgan, Barclays, UBS and Credit Suisse.

The creation of digital currencies like Bitcoin have attracted considerable attention. But it is the distributed ledgers underlying these payment systems which look to be the significant innovation.

Distributed ledgers allow for the distribution, verification and record keeping of transaction information. As most financial assets today of course exist only as digital records, distributed ledgers could be applied to wholesale financial markets to transform the way records are kept, queries and reported.

There has been a feeding frenzy of interest and outside investment in applying the technologies developed to drive digital currencies to financial markets, but so far they all appear to lack understanding of the problems they hope to solve and an infatuation with immature technology for its own sake. The R3 project stands out as the first serious commitment by the banks to work towards a common understanding of how best apply this emerging technology to the global financial system.

Distributed ledger technologies may well transform financial markets but the technology and standards must be secure, scalable and adaptable. The R3 project includes a collaborative lab environment or “sandbox” to test and validate distributed ledger prototypes and protocols.

Success needs a highly scientific and methodical approach with understanding and careful analysis of the sector and the problems which need to be solved, before the development and deployment of a financial-grade shared ledger solution.

It is not just the number and size of banks and the scale of their investment which sets the R3 project apart. It is collegiate approach to defining what success looks like and then building it the right way.

 

Preparing the FX market for a Grexit

As a systemically important financial utility created to mitigate settlement risk – the most significant risk in the wholesale foreign exchange market – it is important that CLS is prepared for any market event, no matter how extreme.

In June we worked alongside CLS to provide journalists covering the potential ‘Grexit’ with an insider’s view on how a systemically important financial market utility ensures its readiness for all eventualities – even a possible return to the drachma.

To read more, head over to Bloomberg, where John Detrixhe spoke with CLS’s head of global regulatory affairs, Dino Kos.